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Bambalwa izixeko ehlabathini kuba complex personality ngolohlobo ka-Florence. Utyelelo ka-kwiintsuku ezimbalwa okanye nkqu ngenye imini kuphela, njengoko kunjalo ingakumbi kwi-tourism esikolweni, ungafumana kuqala impression lesixeko kwaye admire hastily ezimbalwa kuphela zayo ezininzi beauties. Hayi, endaweni yoko, ivumela ukuba ukugqobhoza kwi-personality yesixeko, kwixesha elidlulileyo njengoko langoku, ilitye njengoko ngaloo babantu. Ukuba nethemba ukuqonda ngaphakathi umphefumlo lesixeko kwaye ibe ekugqibeleni conquered ingaba ke ngoko kukho imfuneko utyelelo ka-kwiintsuku ezimbalwa kwaye iphindwe ngexesha. Ngaphezulu Florence kukuba isixeko unguye, indawo apho beautiful ubonakala indlu. Kwaye eneneni, ukuba ucinga ukuba malunga a oweshumi ye-artistic yelifa lemveli wesizwe, kuba oko bamele kukunceda kakhulu ezi iimvavanyo ezinenkcukacha zenziweyo, kubalulekile concentrated kwi-Florence, oku widespread impression ibonakala kakuhle waseka. Kwa visitor ukuba moderately acculturated okanye hayi distracted ngoko nangoko isaziso njani baninzi yi ariya apho ukuxoka i-numerous amabandla, izakhiwo yoluntu okanye yabucala inzala, ezitratweni apho homogeneity ye-engaselunxwemeni fabric kwaye ukukhanya kwaye iphindwe swing ye-roofs ingaba yintsimi prospects unmistakable. I-baninzi indawo ukuba corresponds ukuba ngaphezulu enclosed kwi lesithathu kwaye ngokubanzi isangqa kwiindonga, wakha phakathi emva kwexesha Elinesithathu kwaye kwangoko weshumi elinesine centuries (kweminyaka Dante, Giotto, Arnolfo di Cambio), xa isixeko kunye yayo ikhulu amabini abemi, yayiyenye ezine okanye ezintlanu enkulu izixeko kwi-Italy kwaye Yurophu. Ukuba isangqa baya kusala, kuba demolition lwesibini nesiqingatha i-Nineteenth century, ngexesha Florence eyinkunzi, candelo Oltrarno, phantse intact, kwaye kwelinye icala Arno river, Mint kwencopho kwaye ezintathu doors zihleli isolated kwi-i_zikwere wadala noku avenues ye-umsesane ezindleleni. Zembali isiqalo isixeko Florence waba waseka yi-julius Caesar kunye igama Florentia, ngomhla confluence ka-Union kunye river Arno. I-imilo lomthetho i-chessboard, lohlobo roman, zihleli ayitshintshanga kulo lonke medieval xesha, kude kube ukwakhiwa yesibini kweendonga, apho Florence waye kanjalo eyandisiweyo ekhohlo bank ye-Arno, zidityanisiwe ubudala inxalenye town yi-eziliqela bridges kuquka famous Ponte Vecchio, kunye uphawu iivenkile, goldsmiths. Kunyaka weshumi ELINESIHLANU century, Florence beza phantsi Signoria ye-Medici, otyebileyo bankers, owathi waba I-grand dukes ka-Tuscany. Florence kwaye wonke ummandla yahlala phantsi umthetho we-Medici iinyanga ezintathu centuries, ngexesha apho isixeko ufikelele yayo ubukhulu splendour ukususela incopho ka-okubonakalayo artistic, yenkcubeko, ezopolitiko, kwaye kwezoqoqosho. I-grand Duchy ye-Medici waba baphumelela, EIGHTEENTH century, Lorena ke dukes, phezulu, unyaka apho Tuscany waba yinxalenye ubukumkani bukathixo Italy apho Florence waba imali evela kwi. Isixeko yi-ekhaya illustrious amanani ezifana Dante, Machiavelli, Boccaccia, kwaye Galileo Galilei kwaye izindlu imisebenzi emikhulu abazobi ezifana Michelangelo, Donatello, Brunelleschi, Botticelli kwaye Giotto. Kwi-zembali iziko ufumana i-yenkcubeko kwaye artistic yelifa lemveli, ka-Florence, phakathi likhulu ehlabathini. Intliziyo isixeko ingaba Piazza amaqela okhetho Duomo, apho uza kufumana i-Bell kwencopho yenzelwe yi-Giotto, Baptistery kwaye Santa Mariya amaqela okhetho Fiore, Duomo ka-Florence, ukwakhiwa apho kuba negalelo ezahlukeneyo abazobi, kuquka Arnolfo di Cambio kwaye Filippo Brunelleschi. I-Florence ka-namhlanje, Kukho abanye imiba Florence kaloku ukuba yokuphepha rhoqo kanjalo ngakumbi attentive ukuba visitors, hayi ukuba uthi, naliphi na ityala, florentines ngokwabo. Ukuba Florence ingaba ngenene a isixeko unguye, akuvumelekanga ukuba kuphela oku, kungenxa museum-city, kodwa isixeko ziphile kwaye lizele izinto fumana, hayi, kungabandakanywa name, nto leyo characterized yi-ayo simplicity, ayo simplicity, ayo tourist tradition, kwaye apho umgangatho amaqhekeza aye kukho steak kwaye ezibalaseleyo wines ka-mmandla. Kwaye thina musa ufuna jonga, ethetha ngezinto fumana, loo macandelo ye-crafts kwaye trades zidityanisiwe kwindawo yokuqala, okanye ubuncinane kwi-isiqingatha, kunye nokhenketho, kwaye nkqu ebalulekileyo, njengoko enjalo fashion, kwiminyaka yakutsha nje, nangona kunjalo, lo mbhodamo abaxhasayo kwezinye izixeko, okanye imazi goldsmiths ye-Ponte Vecchio kwaye ezitratweni adjacent, okanye njengoko imveliso iintengiso ka-embroideries kwaye iinjongo ulwaleko kwaye straw, okanye efana kwiindawo ezithile umgangatho crafts, yokugqibela ziindlalifa zobukumkani a bubuqaqawuli elidlulileyo craftsman (cinga ngalo carpenters, restorers), okanye zingaphi antique iivenkile. Sifuna ukuba kungcono jonga Florence njengoko isixeko nzulu kwaye uphando. Asikholwa cinga kuphela, esithi oku, ukuba bafunde nzulu kwaye uphando ibaluleke kakhulu macandelo ye-humanities, awathi, nangona babe ngathi ayixhasi namnye ke congenial ukuba zembali iimpawu yesixeko, kodwa kanjalo zobunzululwazi kwicandelo. Kwi-Florence, umsebenzi eneneni, ihamba kunye science faculties ye-Ngezifundo, womnatha bonke intlonipho yoluntu uphando amaziko: indawo CNR, malunga a dozen umfundisi astronomical Observatory Arcetri, icandelo le-National Institute Yenyukliya Physics wesizwe Institute of Optics Umfundisi, ukuva zokulungiselela Lezolimo kwaye yezamahlathi. Kuba abo anomdla kwi-science and history of science, Florence, inikezela Botanical Igadi kwaye Museum, ziko lolondolozo lwembali libalaseleyo History of science kwaye Museo de ‘La Specola’, ngokucacileyo ngu iqaphele kuba enkulu ingqokelela ka-anatomical models kwi-baba namandla

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